Forty-five minutes from the capital city (Luxembourg City) lies the most famous castle in Luxembourg: Castle Vianden.
On the spot where once a Roman fortress stood, was then placed a Carolingian castle and later it was occupied and embellished with Romanesque and Gothic features. As is the case with castles, power also changed several times until ,after many transfers, it eventually became state property.
Since then you can also visit the stately fortress. For €7 (and €2 for an audio guide) you can enter the royal rooms.
Inside you’ll find an armory and some rooms decorated with historical objects (especially the kitchen I liked!). In my opinion, it’s mainly the exterior of the castle that is impressive. The gigantic fort towers above the whole city and therefore creates a special skyline.
Luxembourg was well-liked in its long history! The beautiful capital was taken over several times by foreign rulers and they made it one of the strongest fortresses in the world. With the help of a strong defense (24 forts and many other reinforcements!) this city seemed impossible to conquer. Under all these military structures, another 23 km (14,29 miles) of passages were excavated: the so-called casemates. Thousands of soldiers could hide here during possible attacks (with horses, by the way). In fact, everything was thought of here. If long periods of war broke out, then that didn’t even cause a big problem. There were also bakeries, butchers, and blacksmiths in the casemates. Actually, you could best describe these casemates as an underground city.
Unfortunately, most of the forts and fortifications that were once standing above the casemates were demolished because of the neutral status of Luxembourg in WW I. However, the casemates still exist and now provide a unique insight into the rich history of Luxembourg. On the way you’ll be amazed by the vastness of these underground corridors. In the dark labyrinth you also see a lot of holes from where cannons and other weapons of war could be fired. Prepare yourself for a lot of stairs and sometimes some uneasy paths. Fortunately, you’ll get a beautiful view over Luxembourg for all this trouble!
The Cathedral of Luxembourg
Right in the center is one of the most beautiful places to visit in Luxembourg: the Notre Dame.
The exterior alone is impressive. The towers of the cathedral seem so sharp that it looks as if it’s going to pierce a hole in the air. Although the exterior is already impressive, it is mainly the inside that needs all of your attention.
The sunrays that fall on the gigantic stained glass windows ensure that the interior turns into a colorful painting. On the sides of this large cathedral you’ll find beautiful carved woodwork and an impressive organ on the back. Moreover, this building is within walking distance of the Vallée de la Pétrusse, another great highlight of Luxembourg.
Vallée de la Pétrusse
The Vallée de la Pétrusse is a gigantic city park that divides the center of the capital into two parts. Deep in a valley lies this green oasis of peace while just a few dozen meters higher the busy city life just continues.
In the park you’ll find a lot of greenery, but also a nice playground for children and some historic sights (you can see the casemates from here for example). Above the park, the impressive Passerelle towers: a Roman aqueduct of no less than 290 meters (951,5 ft) long that spans the valley and the Pétrusee river.
If you cross the street from the Notre Dame Cathedral, you get a very nice view over the Vallée de la Pétrusse and the surrounding buildings. In any case, it’s actually impossible to miss this park, because it takes up about half of Luxembourg city.
The Luxembourg Ardennes (Éislek)
The Belgian Ardennes are adjacent to those of Luxembourg. Just like in Belgium, hiking enthusiasts will be able to get a breath of fresh air here while they walk through beautiful surroundings. The trees grow snugly against each other and thus cast a gigantic shadow surface over the vast hilly landscapes of Luxembourg. As a result, it’s particularly wonderful to explore this area during the summer. Not only hikers, but also cyclists will like it.
In addition to the extensive nature, the Éislek region also has many beautiful castles (and many ruins) on its foundations. The most famous of these is the Vianden castle. In the Luxembourg Ardennes you will of course also find some protected nature parks. Here you can try to spot wildlife or simply enjoy the untainted nature. Would you like some variety? In this region you’ll also find some of the cutest and most beautiful villages in Luxembourg!
Just about every city or village in Luxembourg looks cute, but Larochette is still one of the nicest places. High above this small town there are two castles towering, which are quietly taken over by the forests that surround the rest of the city.
Although the city has many beautiful and historic sights, I still find the view of the city impressive. So: put yourself down on one of the terraces with a nice drink and enjoy the beautiful scenery to the fullest.
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Hi, I'm Sam Van den Haute. The last three years I've been traveling the world almost constantly. Heading out for an adventure and visiting the most beautiful places are what I love to do! Let me inspire you with great stories, beautiful pictures and handy tips from my adventures and travels. On my facebook page and instagram account you'll get to see the latest updates and photos to inspire you for your next vacation.